高中英语语法填空题及答案

学习啦  芷琼   2017-04-26 11:28:14

  语法填空是英语的必考题型,多做题可以提高正确率。接下来学习啦小编为你整理了高中英语语法填空题目及答案,一起来看看吧。

  高中英语语法填空题及答案(一)

  阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

  A:Welcome to the Zhoukoudian caves here in China.It is 61._____ great pleasure to meet you students from England,who are interested in archaeology.You must be aware that it’s here 62._____ we found evidence of some of the earliest people who lived in this part of the world.We’ve been excavating here for many years and...

  S1:I’m sorry 63._____ (interrupt) you but how could they live here? There are only rocks and trees.

  A:Good questions.You are an acute 64._____(observe).We have found human and animal bones in those caves higher up the hill as well as tools and other objects.So we think it is 65._____ (reason) to assume they lived in these caves,regardless of the cold.

  S2:How did they keep warm? They couldn’t have mats,blankets or quilts like we do.It must have been very uncomfortable.

  A:We’ve discovered fireplaces in the center of the caves 66._____ they made fires.That would have kept them warm,cooked the food and scared wild beasts away as well.We have been excavating layers of ash almost six meters thick,which 67._____(suggest) that they might have kept the fire burning all winter.We haven’t found any doors but we think they might have 68._____(hang) animal skins at the cave mouth to keep out the cold 69._____ the freezing winter.

  S3:70._____ wild animals were there all that time ago?

  A:Well,we’ve been finding the bones of tigers and bears in the caves,and we think these were their most dangerous enemies.Now what do you think this tells us about the life of these early people?

  答案及剖析:

  61.a 考查冠词。句意:这次遇到来自英国的学生是件高兴的事,故用a。

  62.that 考查强调句。句意:你必须意识到就是在这里,我们发现早期人类的证据。由句意可知是强调句型,故应填that。

  63.to interrupt 考查固定搭配。be sorry to do...非常抱歉做……

  64.observer 考查名词。此处用observe的名词形式observer。

  65.reasonable 考查形容词。It is adj. to do sth.为常用结构。

  66.where 考查定语从句。fireplaces作先行词,定语从句缺少地点状语,故选where。

  67.suggests 考查动词的时态。表示客观事实,用一般现在时。

  68.hung 考查动词形式。根据might have可知应用过去分词形式。

  69.during/in 考查介词。during/in the freezing winter在寒冷的冬天。

  70.What 考查特殊疑问词。根据下文提到we’ve been finding the bones of tigers and bears in the caves,and we think these were their most dangerous enemies可知在问这些野生动物是什么?

  高中英语语法填空题及答案(二)

  第二节(共10小题,每小题1.5分,满分15分)

  阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

  Betty:Hi,Victor.I heard you’ve got a part-time 61._____.

  Victor:No,I wish I had.I’m still 62._____ the waiting list.

  Betty:Seems like it’s 63._____ to get a good part-time job these days.

  Victor:You bet.The unemployment figures are up again this month.

  Betty:Don’t be 64._____ negative.Look at the jobs in the classifieds in today’s newspaper...so many openings.Just print out your resume and send 65._____ to them.

  Victor:I usually apply online.I send a short cover letter in the text of my e-mail and then attach my resume.What about you,Betty?

  Betty:Well,I haven’t even started 66._____ (plan) to look for a job yet.I didn’t get good grades last term 67._____ I bombed on two tests.

  Victor:Was it because you didn’t suck up (奉承) to your teachers?

  Betty:No,the teachers are very 68._____ (help).The main reason,I guess,was that I haven’t gotten accustomed to the way of learning here.In my country,we are used to 69._____ (learn) through memorization (死记硬背).Here,we 70._____ (teach) to think for ourselves.I’m working hard to adjust,and I’m catching up.

  语篇导读:这是一篇有关求职艰难的对话。贝蒂关切地询问维克多找工作的情况,维克多说没有找到,他对就业市场也不乐观,而贝蒂则还没有打算去就业的计划,她还想继续自己的学业。

  答案及剖析:

  61.job 考查名词。由全篇语境和下文的a good part-time job即可分析,此处该是名词job。

  62.on 考查介词。根据语境和句式结构分析,此处该填入介词on,构成on the waiting list搭配,即表示“在候补名单上”。

  63.hard/difficult 考查形容词。由上文的语境No,I wish I had.和下文的The unemployment figures are up again this month.即可分析,此句句意:看样子如今找一份兼职工作很艰难。故填入形容词hard或difficult。

  64.so/that 考查副词。结合上下文语境,贝蒂是在安慰维克多,句意:不要那么悲观。形容词negative被副词so修饰,也可由相当于so的that修饰。

  65.it 考查人称代词。根据语境分析,此处即填入指代your resume的人称代词it。

  66.planning/to plan 考查非谓语动词。根据语境和句式结构分析,此处该用非谓语动词作宾语,即构成start doing或start to do,意即“开始做某事”或“开始去做某事”。故填入planning或to plan。

  67.because 考查连词。根据I didn’t get good grades last term分析,造成此结果的原因是“我两门考试考砸了”,即I bombed on two tests.是原因,故用because引导原因状语从句。

  68.helpful 考查形容词。由回答语No即可分析,老师是不要奉承的,而且很给我提供帮助。结合空格前面的very即可分析,此处该是名词help的形容词helpful。

  69.learning 考查动名词。根据语境分析,此处该用be used to doing sth.,即表示“习惯于……”,符合语境。

  70.are taught 考查被动语态。根据语境分析,In my country我们习惯于死记硬背,而Here,(老师)教我们自己思考。即主语we和teach之间存在动宾关系,故用被动语态。陈述的都是一般的事实,故用一般现在时的被动语态,即are taught。

  高中英语语法填空题及答案(三)

  第二节 语法填空(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

  阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空格处填入一个适当的词或者括号中词语的正确形式填空。

  I remember the occasion when mother sent me to the main road, about twenty yards away from our house, to invite a passing group of seasonal work-seekers for a meal. She__61__(instruct) me to take a basket along and collect dry cow dung(牛粪) for making a fire. I was then to prepare the meal for the group of work-seekers.

  __62___ thought of making an open fire outside at midday, and__63__ (cook)in a large three-legged pot in that intense heat, was sufficient to upset even an angel. I did not manage to hide my feelings from my mother and, after serving the group, she called me to the veranda(走廊)___64__ she usually sat to attend to her sewing and knitting.

  __65__ straight into my eyes, she asked “Why did you get angry__66__ I requested you to prepare a meal for those poor people?”__67__ my attempt to deny her blame, using the heat of the fire and the sun as an excuse for my rude behavior,mother, she gave me a firm look,__68__(say), “You cannot detect what trouble may lie ahead of you.”

  I__69__ (sudden) realized that if I had refused to offer this group of people a meal,__70__ would be impossible that in my travels some time in the future, I would get these individuals' help.

  答案:

  小时候,母亲让我到我们家附近的路上邀请那些找季节性工作的人来我家吃午饭。我还得捡干牛粪生火。看到我一脸的不悦,母亲批评了我一顿。我认识到,也许有一天,我会需要这些人的帮助。

  61.instructed 考查谓语动词。本空在主语后,空格处需填谓语动词,整篇文章用的是一般过去时,因此应填动词的过去式。

  62. The 考查冠词。本空在名词前,填定冠词The,表示特指。

  63. cooking 考查非谓语动词。由空格前的and可知,本空与前面的短语“making an open fire outside at midday”并列,作介词of的宾语,因此填cooking。

  64. where 考查定语从句。此处为定语从句,先行词为the veranda,关系词在从句中作地点状语,因此填关系副词where。

  65. Looking 考查现在分词。本空应填现在分词Looking,作状语,表示伴随状况。母亲直视着我的眼睛,问我为什么因帮助别人而闷闷不乐。

  66. when 考查状语从句。根据句意可知,空格处需填连词when,连接时间状语从句,意为“当……的时候”。

  67. Despite/Regardless of 考查介词(短语)。结合语境可知,此处填介词Despite“尽管”或介词短语Regardless of“不顾,不管”都可以。

  68. saying/and said 考查现在分词。say与mother之间存在主谓关系,应用现在分词作状语,表示伴随状况;或用and said做并列谓语。

  69. suddenly 考查副词。空格在动词前,应填副词suddenly作状语,修饰动词。

  70. it 考查代词。代词it用作形式主语,代替后面的that引导的主语从句。


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